His enemies want the Romans to do the dirty job of "legally" murdering him! Herod questions him but receives no answers. Herod and his soldiers mock him, put a splendid robe on him, and send him back to Pilate Luke - At roughly 8 a.
Pilate wishes to release him Luke - 15, John - Unable to do so because of the crowds, he releases the prisoner Barabbas. He then has his soldiers severely beat and scourge Jesus. The soldiers take Jesus to Golgotha, also known as Calvary and the Place of the Skull , to be crucified.
Along the route they force Simon of Cyrene to carry his cross Matthew - 33, Mark - 22, Luke - 31, John - From 9 a. He is crucified along with two thieves Matthew , Mark - 28, Luke - 33, John He is given wine vinegar mixed with gall to drink while on the cross Matthew , Mark Roman soldiers also cast lots for his clothes.
Pontius Pilate has the charge against him written in Hebrew, Greek and Latin and put on Jesus' cross. Near the end of his life Christ asks God the Father to forgive those that are killing him Matthew - 36, Mark - 25, Luke , John - Some in the crowd, where Christ is crucified , stare at him in amazement.
Others such as Roman soldiers, members of the Sanhedrin chief priests, scribes, elders and even the two thieves also being crucified, mock him. Many family and friends, at a distance, watch Jesus suffer on the cross. These include his mother Mary, her sister, Mary Magdalene and the apostle John Matthew - 45, 55 - 56, Mark - 33, 40 - 41, Luke - 44, 48 - From noon to 3 p.
Jesus tells his mother, Mary, to now consider the apostle John her son and tells John to take care of his mother Mary John - Jesus Christ, the Savior of man, is forsaken by God and cries out with a loud voice: " Eli Eli, lama sabachthani?
He is offered and accepts vinegar sour wine to wet his lips. A spear is thrust into his side and He cries out with a loud voice "It is Finished! The Jews, desiring the death of those crucified before the high Holy Day starts around 6 pm , asks Pilate to break their legs. Pilate agrees.
The legs of those crucified with Jesus are broken, but his are not since he is already dead John - Pilate, just before sunset, allows Joseph of Arimathea , a rich member of the Sanhedrin, to take the body of Jesus. Joseph and Nicodemus wrap his body in fine linen with a mixture of myrrh and aloes and bury him in the brand new tomb Joseph had made for himself Matthew - 61, Mark - 47, Luke - 55, John - The Chief Priests, along with the Pharisees, visit Pontius Pilate out of fear that Jesus' disciples will secretly steal his body then claim he has risen from the dead.
One scholar claims it could be either. And of course different scholars, equally eminent, identify the same letters differently.
Besides, Jesus was crucified in 26 CE. But, that is another story complicated in the Gospel of Luke. Not to mention, Jesus was intended to be the sacrificial passover lamb for all mankind. The meal was readied to be cooked and eaten on the 15th in the evening, since the next day, they would be leaving Egypt in a hurry. Am I not right? You know I am! Sir Isaac Newton said 33 or 34 AD. How does Tabor get 30?
The 15th of Tiberius as Jesus gets baptized leads us to 29 AD, and 3. But the emphasis was on Jesus giving his blood and body in sacrifice. He sacrificed himself. Neither Romans nor Jews offered him in sacrifice. They offered him up as a criminal.
But he was innocent of those bogus charges. We give evidence of accepting that sacrifice offered by Jesus for us, by accepting the wine and bread as tokens of acceptance of his sacrifice to repay what Adam has forfeited willingly. To try to claim cannibalism is utterly absurd and dishonest. Jesus loved to use the shock value. So did Jehovah thru Ezekiel in chapter There is so much crap in this speculative article. I will sing a song before You in place of that righteous man, and you will make him the Messiah.
Jerusalem was the leader of an alliance of four other Judahite cities which served as administration centers. He covers ALL the evidence on all sides, of that and other dates that have been proposed.
To me and many other scholars who work in the period 30CE is the best date. I know we are off on the calendar year based on archeological work with Herod, but what is the argument for 30 CE? Are you saying Christ was 30 or ascribing the year to 30 CE , Christ being 33?
Others can freely disagree but to be part of the academic enterprise you have to make your own better arguments, based on the texts, etc. I consider it incomprehensible that Jesus spoke even allegorically of eating his flesh and drinking blood. It does not fit the Jewish culture or the language of the times.
One is free to believe what Paul reported he got from Jesus is historical fact, but I have my doubts. It is no innuendo but just good healthy skepticism about such visionary claims by Paul, over against the Jewish culture we know. And then there is the Didache!
This is surely the smoking gun. A Eucharist, clearly Christian, but with none of these Pauline influences! Well James, it seems that many of your proposed ideas are base on assumptions and innuendo with, as purpose, the de-bunking of the Gospels. I do, however, totally agree with the idea that the Last Supper took place on the Wednesday. As to why they say different things?.. Take for example the triumphal entry into Jerusalem.
Unfortunately we often get partial conversations, scenes cut short, works not included and have to make do with what we have. John states clearly at the end of his Gospel that there were so many other things that we done that they could not possibly be included. Just a few comments…thanks for this initial feedback.
I appreciate it. Terrie, most scholars would consider the tradition in John 6 a later development in the Johannine community and not verbatim teachings from the lips of Jesus.
Isjacob, it is confusing! The question is whether we favor the Synoptics or John and why? They do indeed say different things. I am confused.
Maybe I am not a Jewish and do not understand the fests clearly. Then they have the last supper on that evening. Therefore, which day is the first day of the Unleavened Bread? Is it on the evening of Nissan 13 or 14? Does all of this really matter? The last supper is not that important as the teaching of Jesus is what matters. Taking of the wine and bread is symbolic to remind us to remember and follow the teaching of our Lord Jesus. We are taught to love one another.
How is that now today? I think it is certainly time for Dr. I have read other studies that said the last supper was on a Tuesday evening and Jesus was cut off in mid week on Wednesday. He was dead for three days and nights then resurrected Saturday evening. The tomb was discovered empty on Sunday morning. The study says this took place 31AD not 30 AD. But what of the passage in John ?
Learn More. Total: 9 18 2 99 Tags: ancient jerusalem andrew apostle apostles archaeological archaeological discoveries archaeologist archaeologists Archaeology archaeology in israel bib arch org Bible bible history bible history daily bible review Bible Scholar bible scholars Biblical biblicalarchaeology biblicalarchaeology. Related Posts. Sep 22 Who Were the Galatians in the Bible?
By: Megan Sauter. April 18, at pm. Lois says:. April 14, at am. January 3, at pm. David says:. March 25, at pm. Carl says:. March 24, at pm. Nate says:. March 24, at am. Mitch says:. Veli Voipio says:. Helen Vaz says:. Vasileios Tsialas says:. March 22, at am. Marcus says:. The day after the dinner at Bethany was the day Jesus rode into the city of Jerusalem; it was the 10 th of Nisan. The 10 th of Nisan is the day the male lambs or kids were chosen for the Passover sacrifice Ex This is the day Jesus of Nazareth, the Galilean rabbi and miracle worker, rode into the city of Jerusalem on the young colt of a donkey see Matt ; Mk ; Lk ; Jn ; prophecy in Gen ; Zech Shout for joy, daughter of Jerusalem!
Look, your king is approaching, he is vindicated and victorious, humble and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey Zech Seeing this Galilean rabbi his followers claimed was the Davidic heir and the promised Messiah ride into the holy city on a donkey also recalled to the people the historical event when King David's son, Solomon, rode into Jerusalem on his coronation day 1 Kng The combination of the fulfillment of Zechariah's Messianic prophecy and the other prophecies of Isaiah linking the Messiah to King David's line, coupled with the visual image which recalled Solomon's triumphal ride, encouraged the people to shout out just as their ancestors had hailed Solomon, " Hosannah!
Blessed is he who is coming in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the coming kingdom of David our father! Hosannah in the highest heavens" Mat !
Jesus immediately This is the second time Jesus cleansed the Jerusalem Temple; the first time was at the beginning of His ministry Jn His actions enraged the high priests. According to the Law, the lambs and kids chosen for sacrifice by each family on the 10 th of Nisan must be visible for 5 days 4 days as we count before the Passover sacrifice in order for everyone to observe the selected animal's perfection.
Nisan 11 th — 13 th , Monday — Wednesday: Jesus taught at the Temple daily, withdrawing at night to the Mt. On that Sunday night after His triumphal entry into the holy city, Jesus stayed in Bethany: He entered Jerusalem and went into the Temple; and when he had surveyed it all, as it was late by now, he went out to Bethany with the Twelve Mk On Monday, The next day as they were leaving Bethany Mk Jesus performed a symbolic act in His role as prophet by cursing a fig tree, which in the Scriptures was a symbol of Israel.
He condemned the fig tree for its failure to bear fruit. Then He went to the Temple and cleansed the Temple of the profane, purifying His Father's house a third time: So they reached Jerusalem and he went into the Temple and began driving out the men selling and buying there; he upset the tables of the money changers and the seats of the dove sellers. Nor would he allow anyone to carry anything through the Temple. And he taught them and said, "Does not Scripture say: My house will be called a house of prayer for all peoples?
But you have turned it into a bandits' den" Mk This was the final straw for the high priests and the scribes who, after this last incident, conspired to find some way to kill Him Mk Wednesday, Nisan Jesus' teaching is complete after his homily on the future destruction of Jerusalem and of His Second Coming at the end of the ages.
At the end of his last public teaching some Greek Gentiles ask to speak with Him. Up to this time Jesus' three year ministry has been directed toward the "lost sheep of the house of Israel" Mat ; , to fulfill God the Father's promises to them and to equip them to fulfill their role in salvation history by sending the faithful remnant of the new Israel forth to carry the Gospel of salvation to the Gentile nations Mat With the coming of the Gentiles seeking out Jesus, He announces to His disciples: "Now the hour has come for the Son of man to be glorified" Jn Later that day the high priests and scribes meet to formulate a plan to kill Jesus.
Mark records: It was two days before the Passover and the feast of Unleavened Bread and the chief priests and the scribes were looking for a way to arrest Jesus by some trick and have him put to death also see Mat When His teaching is completed, Jesus and the Apostles withdraw to the village of Bethany to eat dinner at the home of Simon the Leper Mat ; Mk This is the second dinner Scripture records with dear friends in Bethany that last week in Jerusalem.
Jesus' feet were anointed at the dinner on Saturday and He instructed the disciples to let Mary of Bethany to keep some of the ointment for the day of His burial Jn Now, Mary breaks open the jar to get the last of the ointment as she anoints His head Mat ; Mk Speaking of Mary's loving act, He says: "When she poured this ointment on my body, she did it to prepare me for burial" Mat ; Mk See the chart on the two dinners at Bethany in the Appendix to this article.
In conspiring to have Jesus killed, Caiaphas, the high priest literally selects Jesus, the Lamb of God, for sacrifice. John understands the prophetic significance of the high priest's selection in John : One of them, Caiaphas, the high priest that year, said, 'You do not seem to have grasped the situation at all; you fail to see that it is to your advantage that one man should die for the people, rather than that the whole nation should perish.
It was Caiaphas who had counseled the Jews, 'It is better for one man to die for the people. In the significance of numbers in Scripture, the number three represents fullness and completion, and the number three is a sign of some important part of God's plan for man's salvation see the document: "The Significance of Numbers in Scripture".
Everything is ready Mat ; Mk ; Lk This is the day the lambs and kids are sacrificed at the Temple Ex ; Mk Some 30 years later, in Jerusalem, his life ends and the story of Christianity unfolds. Little is known from the Gospels about the man himself until he steps onto the scene as a popular preacher who captures the imagination of the crowds. A man, first celebrated and adored, who experiences the ultimate downfall in the course of only six days during the Passover holidays, tossed around like a pawn in a chess game.
Based on crucial archaeological evidence and historical analysis, "Last Days of Jesus" peels back the layers of the traditional Gospel narrative to shine a new light on the historical Jesus. It explores key members of the Herodian Dynasty, such as Herod Antipas, the Jewish Governor of Galilea and son of Herod the Great, as well as the main characters in the capital of the Roman Empire, bringing to life a man that has been almost completely erased from history.
Lucius Aelius Sejanus, head of the the Praetorian Guard with dubious yet fierce ambitions who, in the absence of Emperor Tiberius, reached for ultimate power around A. This is the story told by leading scholars and authors in the field of classics, religion, history and archaeology based on existing as well as new evidence from ancient texts and artifacts.
Featured on Shop. You have the maximum of videos in My List.The Last Days of Jesus. Bratislava, Slovakia. Too punk to be labelled as goth, too goth to be labelled as punk. Confusing genre purists since